At the time of the Mexican agrarian revolution, the most radical faction, that of Zapata and his followers, proposed a return to

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问题 At the time of the Mexican agrarian revolution, the most radical faction, that of Zapata and his followers, proposed a return to communal ownership of land, to what had been a pre-Columbian form of ownership respected by the Spaniards.

选项 A、land, to what had been a pre-Columbian form of ownership respected by the Spaniards
B、land, a form of ownership of the pre-Colombians and respected by the Spaniards
C、land, respected by the Spaniards and the pre-Columbian form of ownership
D、land in which a pre-Columbian form of ownership was respected by the Spaniards
E、land that had been a pre-Columbian form of ownership respected by the Spaniards

答案A

解析 首先需要指出:划线部分的to what从句与前面的to communal ownership of land并非并列关系,因为中间无and连接。所以两者的关系是:后者是对前者的补充解释。B、C中:逗号之后是一名词词组与一过去分词词组的并列,违背平行结构要求;D选项改变了原句的意思(which无论指代land还是ownship都使句意理解不通);A和E比较:A选项在表达上有两点优势:(1)E中:that的先行词是含糊的,可以指代land,ownership或communal ownershipof land整个名词词组;A中不存在此问题,由于to的重复,就表明what从句与communalownership of land是等价的,且后者是对前者的补充解释;(2)在what从句部分曾提到:假设某个地方原没有名字,现在叫作A地,为了准确表达“过去没有名字的这个地方”,一般用what is now A。同理,此处的所有权形式原来叫作pre-Columbian form,而此所有权形式在说话时叫作communal ownership,A选项中的what从句表明了这种“渊源关系”;而E的表达会产生一种暗示:两种所有权形式在本质上是不同的。这显然与原意有出入。
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本试题收录于: GMAT VERBAL题库GMAT分类
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